Edukasi tentang Kanker Serviks pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di Kelurahan Beringin Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Koni Kota Jambi

Ratu Kusuma

Abstract


Cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus and various other risk factors. The incidence of cervical cancer in Indonesia is around 23.4/100,000 population with an average death rate of 13.9/100,000 population. Data from the Medical Record for the Family Planning Program, Kespro, IVA Test and PKPR at Puskesmas Koni Jambi City (until September 2021) reported that there were 1932 PUS and 2803 WUS spread over 4 urban villages. Based on the initial survey, two problems were found “the problem of PUS/WUS and the problem of the program”. The purpose of this education is to increase knowledge, change attitudes and change actions. The education was held at RT 16 of the Kelurahan Beringin on January 11, 2022 for 24 WUS from RT 15, 16 and 17 which was held in conjunction with the implementation of the Posyandu Balita. The activity begins with a pretest, then the implementation of education for ± 50 minutes through lectures, discussions and questions/answers, as well as using power point. After the delivery of the material, a posttest was conducted again with the same questions on the pretest. The results obtained are an increase in the average knowledge of WUS by 1.7; an increase in the average attitude of 2,3; and education about cervical cancer was able to change the behavior of participants where there were 3 WUS who came to the Puskesmas Koni to do an IVA-test after attending the education. Whereas previously none of the 24 WUS had never done the examination because of fear even though they had experienced vaginal discharge from several months to several years ago. This means that the implementation of this education has been proven to change WUS behavior for the better.


Keywords


cervical cancer, covid 19 pandemic.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2017). Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan atau Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2020. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2021.

Mayanda, V. Hubungan Karakteristik Wanita dengan Kejadian Kanker Serviks di RSU Mutia Sari Periode 2016-2017. Jurnal Bidan Komunitas; 2 (1), 47-56, e-ISSN 2614-7874; 2019.

Nurasiah. Pengaruh Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan tentang Kanker Serviks pada Asuhan Keperawatan Ny. S terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Klien dan Keluarga. Laporan Tugas Akhir; Mahasiswa Profesi Ners STIKes Bairrurahim Jambi. Tidak dipublikasikan; 2019.

Lestari, E. Karakteristik Penderita Kanker Serviks di RSUD H. Abdul Manap Kota Jambi Tahun 2019 dan 2020. Skripsi Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Baiturrahim 2021. Tidak dipublikasikan; 2021.

Herawati, N., Susilawati, Y., & Yasneli. Faktor Pemeriksaan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks Metode Inspeksi Visual dengan Asam Asetat. Jambura Health and Sport Journal; 2 (1), 19-27, ISSN 2656-2863; 2020.

Puskesmas Koni Kota Jambi. Profil Kesehatan Puskesmas Koni se-Kota Jambi; 2020.

Puskesmas Koni Kota Jambi. Rekam Medik Program Program KB, Kespro, IVA-test dan PKPR. Puskesmas Koni sampai dengan September 2021; 2021.

Personal Komunikasi dengan Bidan Penanggung Jawab Program KB, Kespro, IVA-test dan PKPR Puskesmas Koni tanggal 18 September 2021.

Personal Komunikasi dengan PUS/WUS di Kelurahan Beringin Kota Jambi tanggal 19

September 2021).

Observasi terhadap Perilaku Masyarakat di Kelurahan Beringin Kota Jambi tanggal 19-25 September 2021).

Aspiani, R.Y. Buku Ajar Asuhan Keperawatan Maternitas: Aplikasi NANDA, NIC dan NOC. Jakarta: Trans Info Media; 2017.

Prawirohardjo, S. Ilmu Kebidanan. Jakarta: PT. Bina Pustaka Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo; 2015.

Nurcahyo, J. Awas!!! Bahaya Kanker Rahim dan Kanker Payudara. Yogyakarta: Wahana; 2010.

Reeder, S. J., Martin, L.L., & Griffin, D.K. Keperawatan Maternitas Kesehatan Wanita, Bayi & Keluarga (ed.18.). Jakarta: EGC; 2012.

Kusuma, R. Studi Fenomenologi: Pengalaman Adaptasi Penderita Penyakit Menular Seksual. Surabaya: CV. Global Aksara Pers; 2021.

Kusuma, R. Asuhan Keperawatan Antenatal: Aplikasi NANDA, NIC & NOC yang Dilengkapi dengan Model Pencegahan Depresi Postpartum dan Berbagai Riset Terkait (e-book). Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2020.

Kusuma, R., Keliat, B.A, Afiyanti, Y., & Martha, E. The Ratu’s Model: A prevention Model of Postpartum Depression. Journal Enfermeria Clinica; 29 (1): 70-73; 2019.

Triharini, M., Yunitasari, E., Armini, N.K.A, Kusumaningrum, T, Pradanie, R. & Nastiti, A.A. Pemberdayaan Perempuan Melakukan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks melalui Pelatihan Metode Reproductive Organ Self Examination (ROSE) Sebagai Upaya Deteksi Dini Penyakit Kanker Serviks. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat dalam Kesehatan; 1 (1), 14-20; 2019.

Adella, C.A. & Sitohang, N.A. Efektivitas Konseling Informasi Edukasi terhadap Pengetahuan Wanita Usia Subur Tentang Kanker Servik dan Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat sebagai Deteksi Dini. Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Akper Kesdam I/BB Medan; 5 (1), 61-64, e-ISSN 2615-0441, p-ISSN 2527-9548; 2020.

Jumaida, Sunarsih, & Rosmiyati. Penyuluhan tentang Kanker Serviks Mempengaruhi Pengetahuan dan Motivasi Pemeriksaan IVA pada Wanita Usia Subur (WUS). Jurnal Kebidanan; 6 (1), 104-113; 2020.

Wahida, Elyasari, Malahayati, A & Nurmiaty. Efektivitas Penyuluhan terhadap Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Keputusan Melakukan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks dengan Tes Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat (IVA). Midwifery Journal; 6 (1), 10-16, ISSN 2503-4340; 2021.

Kusumawati, Y., Wiyasa, R. & Rahmawati, E.N. Pengetahuan, Deteksi Dini dan Vaksinasi HPV Sebagai Faktor Pencegah Kanker Serviks di Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat; 11 (2), 204-213; 2016.

Utami, N.P.P.S., Mahendra, I.N.B., Widiyanti, E.S., & Sudirman, J. Karakteristik Pasien Kanker Serviks di RSUP Sangklah Denpasar Periode 1 Januari-31 Desember 2017. Jurnal Medika Udayana; 9 (4), 38-44, ISSN 2597-8012; 2020.

Notoatmodjo, S. Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2015.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Panduan Penatalaksanaan Kanker Serviks. Jakarta: Kemenkes, RI; 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36565/jak.v5i2.463

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ADRESS JOURNAL:

JURNAL ABDIMAS KESEHATAN (JAK)
Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Baiturrahim Jambi
Adress: Jl. Prof. M. Yamin, SH No.30, Lebak Bandung-Jambi | Telepon: 0741-33030 | email: jak.stikba@gmail.com

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.